تبلیغات
Scientific - Study: Babies are sophisticated learners
یکشنبه 30 مرداد 1390

Study: Babies are sophisticated learners

   نوشته شده توسط: فریده جلیلوند    

 

 

Study: Babies are sophisticated learners

 

BOSTON (UPI) -- Research into how children learn by forming, testing and continually adjusting ideas about the world around them could help teachers, U.S. scientists say

Until recently, researchers were unsure of the precise ways babies and toddlers start to make sense of their surroundings, but studies are finding young children have a surprisingly sophisticated intuitive grasp of probabilities, which they use to make inferences about things, The Boston Globe reported Monday

"We start with these newborn babies and by the time they're 4 years old, they have a lot of common sense knowledge about the world," Laura Schulz, professor of cognitive sciences at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, said

"They have ideas about physics, they have ideas about other people, they have ideas about causal relationships," she said. "The way we get the world right is by making bets -- based on probabilities, given the evidence"

One surprise finding in the studies was that teaching too much can stifle exploration

Schulz and colleagues built a complicated toy and presented it to 
children


The toy had many functions: pulling on one tube caused a squeak, pressing a button turned on a light and pushing a pad made music play

In one session, an adult showed preschool children how the toy worked, but demonstrated only the squeak sound

In another session, other children were just shown the toy

In both cases, the researchers encouraged the children to play with the toy and figure out how it worked. They found that children taught explicitly how to make the toy squeak sent less time playing with it and discovered fewer functions than those who merely had the toy demonstrated to them

 

ArcaMax Science & Technology Ezine




fg
چهارشنبه 16 شهریور 1390 08:09 ب.ظ
bem sar bezan pashimoon nemishi
آگهی و تبلیغات اینترنتی
یکشنبه 30 مرداد 1390 12:53 ب.ظ
تبلیغات اینترنتی موثر با ادگستر.

با سیستم نوین امتیازدهی به آگهی ها:
1. تبلیغات شما دیگر در شلوغی گم نخواهند شد.
2. خریداران، اطمینان بیشتری به محصول/سرویس شما خواهند داشت.

http://www.AdGostar.com
 
لبخندناراحتچشمک
نیشخندبغلسوال
قلبخجالتزبان
ماچتعجبعصبانی
عینکشیطانگریه
خندهقهقههخداحافظ
سبزقهرهورا
دستگلتفکر