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Scientific - DNA finding could lead to finer chocolate
جمعه 10 دی 1389

DNA finding could lead to finer chocolate

   نوشته شده توسط: فریده جلیلوند    

 

DNA finding could lead to finer chocolate

 

PARIS (UPI) -- French researchers say they've decoded the DNA of the chocolate tree, knowledge that could lead to more productive and disease-resistant varieties

Scientists working with the French agricultural research organization CIRAD examined the DNA of a variety of the Theobroma cacao chocolate tree called Criollo, first domesticated by the Maya around 3,000 years ago, Britain's The Guardian reported Monday

It is one of the oldest tree crops and is used to produce some of the finest dark chocolate, but many cacao farmers grow trees that yield lower quality chocolate because they are more resilient to disease and so more likely to guarantee a good harvest

Fine cocoa from trees like Criollo accounts for only 5 percent of world chocolate production because the trees are susceptible to disease

Scientists say they hope to use the genetic code to breed more productive varieties of the desirable varieties of the cacao tree

CIRAD researcher Xavier Argout said unraveling the genetic code of the chocolate tree could help spur scientific work on the crop

"This situation could encourage new investments in research on Theobroma cacao, the food of the Gods, that has spread throughout the world since the Maya and Aztec civilizations," Argout said

 

ArcaMax Science & Technology Ezine


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